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Macron loses control of Parliament

The French president had asked the people to give him a clear and strong majority in the parliamentary elections on Sunday.

This did not happen. Even if Macron’s coalition together took the most seats in the National Assembly, it would not have a majority of its own. Instead, it is the newly formed left-wing Nupes coalition and the far-right National Assembly that have made the most progress.

Macron and his coalition now fear ‘total paralysis’ after the election, He writes for Le Monde newspaper.

Cooperation is required

In order for Macron’s second term not to be too precarious, cooperation with other parties is now required.

– This situation is a danger to our country, given the challenges we have to face, Prime Minister Elizabeth Born said Sunday night when the election result came out, which she described as “a danger to France.”

We will work from tomorrow to build an effective majority.

Emmanuel Macron’s coalition remains the largest in the National Assembly with 245 seats, well short of the 289 seats required for a majority. The newly formed left-wing Nupes coalition under the leadership of the radical Jean-Luc Mélenchon gained 131 and became the largest opposition group in the lower house of parliament.

The far-right National Assembly led by Marine Le Pen had 89 members of parliament, making it the largest right-wing force, ahead of the traditional right-wing Republicans (LR).

Fixes disabled

The result of the elections is a clear sign against Macron, despite the fact that in April he was re-elected for a second term with a clear majority, then Marine Le Pen as the opposition candidate.

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During his second term, the president planned to introduce a program of tax cuts, welfare reforms, and raising the retirement age. But it would be more difficult to implement all of the changes without the majority of them.

– This will complicate the reforms. It will be much more difficult to control, Dominique Rousseau, professor of law at Paris Panthéon-Sorbonne University, told AFP.

On Monday morning, Emmanuel Macron did not comment publicly on the outcome.

Initial distribution of seats in the National Assembly. Photo: Johan Hallnäs/TT

France holds elections for the National Assembly every five years, a few weeks after the presidential election. The National Assembly is the lower house of Parliament and 577 members are elected to seats there. They are elected in individual constituencies across the country.

In order to actually be elected in the first round, a candidate needs to get half the votes in his or her constituency. When the first round was held last Sunday, June 12, only five candidates succeeded.

And in the remaining 572 districts, a decisive round was held on Sunday, June 19, between the two candidates who received the most support. If any additional candidate has the support of at least 12.5 percent of the constituency’s electors, he is allowed to run. This was the case in a handful of constituencies.

Traditionally, the incumbent president is supported by a majority in parliament and thus able to elect a prime minister who can follow his political line. But if the opposition controls the council, it is he who decides who will sit in the government.