Whether it’s a new moon, crescent, full or half moon – the different phases of the moon repeat approximately every 29.5 days. When the moon is full, the sun rises over the entire Earth-facing side of the moon and allows the Earth’s companion to shine brightly. We explain when the next full moon is and how often the full moon occurs.
What is a full moon?
Besides the Sun, the Moon is the most visible celestial body that can be seen from Earth. It orbits the Earth at a distance of about 384,000 km and sometimes comes a little closer to the blue planet, and sometimes it is far. This is due to the elliptical shape of the orbit, which is generally considered the base of celestial bodies in the gravitational field. On the other hand, perfect circular orbitals are rare. All orbit shapes are based on the so-called conservation of angular momentum, which is a conserved quantity from physics.
The ideal shape of the Earth’s companion orbital ellipse is more or less influenced by the effects of turbulence. These are, for example, the flattening of the Earth, the distance-dependent gravitational effects of the Sun and planets and a heterogeneous distribution of mass in the Earth’s interior. Deep in the Earth’s crust, the Earth’s mass is distributed unevenly, so some regions of our planet’s gravity are slightly stronger than others.
With a diameter of 3,476 kilometers, the moon is the fifth largest of the 205 moons possessed by all the planets in our solar system. Only three of the four large moons of Jupiter and Titan, one of Saturn’s moons, are larger. Earth’s companion has a much lower mass than our blue planet and exerts only one-sixth of Earth’s gravitational pull. If a person weighing 60 kilograms stood on the moon, he would feel as if he weighed 10 kilograms, and thus could jump much higher and more.
The same side of the Moon is always seen from the Earth’s surface. This is because the celestial body rotates on itself exactly once while orbiting our planet once. The Soviet Lunik III moon probe sent the first images of the back in 1959, but people first saw the side facing away from Earth with their own eyes when the Apollo 8 crew orbited Earth’s companion on Christmas 1968.
The moon can sometimes be seen as a crescent, sometimes only half and sometimes a full luminous disk. Dr. explains. Manfred Geda, astronomer and research associate at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Bonn-Oberkassel. “Most of the time, the Moon is spatially slightly above or below the plane at which the Earth orbits the Sun.” The full moon is only possible at night, when the moon and the sun must be on opposite sides of the globe. Therefore, the full moon rises on the horizon just as the sun sets on the other side.
How often does a full moon occur?
The so-called phases of the moon have defined people’s lives for centuries. For example, they formed the basis for agricultural activities and for the division of the year into months. Special powers are also attributed to the full moon. For example, Christmas trees that are cut down during a full moon must keep their needles for a very long time.
The full moon is one of the four phases of the moon. The sun and the owners of the earth stand facing each other. If we look at them from the surface of the earth, they are in opposite directions. It is precisely in this constellation that the side of the satellite facing us is completely illuminated by the Sun and reaches its maximum brightness. A rising moon, which often occurs in winter, can illuminate the Earth so brightly in a clear sky that the colors can be seen by the human eye. The brightness reaches 0.25 lux, and therefore about 250 times the brightness of the starry night of the new moon.
Full moon calendar: When is the next full moon?
During its orbit around the Earth, we can see different amounts of our celestial companion. Depending on the constellation, there is a full or new moon. Occasionally, phenomena such as the Super Moon can also be observed. So-called lunar calendars provide an overview of the phases of the moon.
Some people are only interested in knowing when they can see a full, illuminated disk of the moon in the sky just out of curiosity. On the other hand, others base daily tasks such as cutting their hair or some gardening tasks on the phases of the moon. Many people also think that they sleep less when the moon is full.
According to the lunar calendar, the dates for 2022 are on the following days:
- Monday 16 May 2022
- Tuesday 14 June 2022
- Wednesday 13 July 2022
- Friday 12 August 2022
- Saturday 10 September 2022
- Sunday 9 October 2022
- Tuesday 8 November 2022
- Thursday 8 December 2022
Times correspond to applicable Central European Time or Central European Summer Time.
How many times is there a full moon?
As a rule, this phenomenon occurs only once a month. Dr. explains. Manfred well from DLR. The period from one moon to another is called the collegial period of the Earth’s satellite. “This tropical period plays a role in all calendars that are not purely solar calendars. An example is the Gregorian calendar, in which the path of the moon is suitable for determining the annual date of Easter.”
How many days are between two full moons?
The satellite revolves around our planet in an elliptical orbit and after about 29.5 days (more precisely: 29 days 12 hours 43 minutes) it returns to its starting position relative to the Sun. Astronomers also refer to the changing time period of this orbit as the lunar period or the collegial period.
Lunar duration is usually measured from one new moon to another. It can differ by more than three hours compared to the previous lunar cycle, over a decade there are also differences of more than 13 hours. The average lunar month has an average value of 29.53 days and is also called the compound month. The full moon also returns approximately every 29.53 days.
Here is the information link: 10 facts about the 2022 full moon
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